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JESUS, "THE MASTER"

A historical-charismatic survey

Acts of the International Seminar
on "Jesus, the Master"
(Ariccia, October 14-24, 1996)

by Eliseo Sgarbossa ssp

 

PERSONALITIES AND INTERPRETERS OF THE MODERNIST MOVEMENT

The precursors

Persons More significant works and writings
Newman John Henry (1801-1890), Cardinal, Head of the "Oxford Movement", Patrologist Essay on the development of Christian doctrine (1845); Apologia pro vita sua (1864)
Renan Ernest (1823-1892), ex-priest, Positivist, Historian of religions History of the origins of Christianity and Life of Christ (1863-1881)
Ardig˛ Roberto (1828-1920), ex-priest, Positivist from Mantua, professor in Padova Pschology as Positive Science (1870), The unity of Sciences (1898)
von Harnack Adolf (1851-1930), liberal theologian and Protestant historian Manual of the History of Dogma (1886-1900), The Essence of Christianity (1900)
Blondel Maurice (1861-1949), layman, Catholic philosopher of "action" L’Action (1893), Letter on the need of contemporary thought in matters apologetic and on the method of philosophy in the study of the problem of religion (1896)

The protagonists

French School Radical historical-exegetical orientation
Herbert Marcel (1851-?), ex-priest, Parisian philosopher, radical Modernist Souvenirs d’Assise (1899)
Loisy Alfred (1857-1940), ex-priest, Bible scholar and historian of religions, radical II Vangelo e la Chiesa (1902), Riflessioni semplici su un piccolo libro (1903)
Turmel Joseph (1860-?), ex-priest, Historian of dogmas, radical Eight volumes condemned in the Index
Houtin Albert (1867-1926), ex-priest Historian of religions, radical Controversia sull’ApostolicitÓ della Chiesa in Francia (1900), La questione biblica (1902)
LaberthonniŔre Lucien (1860-1932),
priest Oratorian, Philosopher of religion
Saggi di Filosofia Religiosa (1903), Il Realismo cristiano e l’Idealsimo greco (1904)
Sabatier Paul (1858-1928), Calvinist pastor, organizer of "reformist" circles Vita di San Francesco d’Assisi (1894)
English School Spritualist orientation
Tyrrell George (1861-1909), ex-priest, Irish Jesuit, ex-Calvinist, mystical theologian Nova et vetera (1897), La Chiesa e il Futuro (1902), Lex Orandi Lex Credendi (1903-6). Lettera a un professore d’antropologia (1906).
Von Hugels Friedrich (1852-1925), layman Austrian, Italian, English baron, hagiographer, essayist L’elemento mistico della Relgione in S. Caterina da Genova (1908)
Petre Ms. Maud D., Interpreter and guardian of the memoirs of G. Tyrell Life of George Tyrrell (1912), publisher of his Autobiography...

Modernists in Italy

Roman Group Historical, reformist orientation
Duchesne Louis M. O. (1843-1922), priest Director of the French College in Rome Archeological researches in Greece and in Rome; Histoire ancienne de l’Eglise (1906-1911)
Genocchi Giovanni (1860-1926), priest missionary from Rimini, bible scholar, anthropologist Organizer of the Pious Society of St. Jerome for the promotion of the Gospel.
Fracassini Umberto (1862-1950), priest Rector, Perugia Seminary, historial, bible scholar Che cosa Ŕ la Bibbia? (1909)
Semeria Giovanni (1867-1931), Barnabite

from Liguria, philosopher and reformist animator

Lettera sulla partecipazione dei cattolici alla politica (1890), Lettres Romaines (anon.)
Minocchi Salvatore (1869-1943), priest

from Arezzo, theologian and bible scholar

Versione ital. dei Vangeli dai testi originali (1900), Rivista di Studi Religiosi (1901)
Murri Romolo (1870-1944), ex priest

from Marche, theoretician of political-social engagement of Catholics

Cultura Sociale (period.), Lettere sulla cultura del Clero (1898-1900), Discorso di San Marino (1902) on the Democrazia Cristiana
Buonaiuti Ernesto (1881-1946) ex priest

from Rome, radical historian-exegete

Abbiamo un programma? Le idee di un anonimo (1901), Periodical Nova et Vetera
Buonaccorsi Giuseppe (1874-1935), priest, Missionary of Sacred Heart, from Rome, exegete Questioni Bibliche (1904), Rivista Storico-critica delle Scienze Teologiche (1905)
Piastrelli Luigi (1883-1975), priest, from Perugia, animator of catholic circles (FUCI) A Pio X. Quello che vogliamo. Lettera aperta di un gruppo di sacerdoti (1907), apology
Radical roman group: M. Rossi, N. Turchi, J. Hagan, Coppa, Balducci, Parrella Periodical Nova et Vetera
Venetian Group Literary-spiritualist orientation
Fogazzaro Antonio (1842-1911), laity, novelist and catholic deputy from Vicenza Il Santo (1905), political-literary conferences of catholic-reformist inspiration
Giacomelli-Rosmini Antonietta (1857-1949), laity, writer from Treviso Periodical L’Ora Presente, Union for the good; "Coryphaeus of christian feminism"
Anzoletti Luisa (1863-1925), laity, poet and essayist from Trento La donna nel progresso cristiano (1895), La Donna Nuova (1898) – Never condemned

 

Milan Group Social, Catholic orient. ("II Rinnovamento")
Gazzola Pietro (1856-1915), Barnabite from Piacenza, Bible scholar and specialist of the Orient, orator Collection and summaries of sermons (1908-1909)
Mari Luigi (1866-1921), priest from Milan, social organizer, then Jesuit Popular press and activities in cooperatives
Casciola Brizio (1871-1957), priest from Perugia, "street preacher," soc. organizer L’anima e Dio (1904)
Gallarti-Scotti Tommaso (1878-1966) Noble from Milan, liberal catholic, essayist, social organizer, friend of Fogazzaro Biography of John Ireland (1899), Storia del Misticismo (1900), Lettera aperta a Romolo Murri (1906), Vita di A. Fogazzaro (1920)
Casati Giovanni (1881-1957), priest from Milan, journalist and social organizer Founder of the mag. Letture (1912), Organ of the Federazione Biblioteche Circolanti

Pro-modernist organizations and periodicals

Bulletin critique de Litterature, d’Histoire et de Theologie, founded in 1880.

"SocietÓ per gli Studi Biblici," Rome, founded in 1889.

"Ecole Pratique d’Etudes Bibliques," founded in Jerusalem in 1890 by M. J. Lagrange, op, with the periodical Revue Biblique, Lagrange himself as director.

Enseignement Biblique, founded in Paris by A. Loisy in 1891.

Rivista internazionale di Scienze Sociali founded in 1893 by Msgr. Salvatore Talamo.

L’Ora presente, founded in Rome in 1895 and edited in large part by Antonietta Giacomelli-Rosmini.

Cultura Sociale, founded by Romolo Murri in 1896.

Rivista Bibliografica Italiana, founded by S. Minocchi in 1896.

Studi Religiosi. Rivista critica e storica promotrice della cultura religiosa in Italia, founded by S. Minocchi himself in 1901.

Nova et Vetera, mag. edited by E. Buonaiuti, spokesman of the radical roman group.

Rivista delle Reviste del Clero, founded by Can. G. Sforzini of Macerata in 1903.

Battaglie d’Oggi, founded in Naples by Gennaro Avolio in 1904.

Rivista Storico-Critica della Scienze Teologiche, founded by P. G. Buonaccorsi in 1905.

II Rinnovamento, founded by P. Gazzola in Milan in 1906 (inspired by the liberal Catholicism of Rosmini and of Manzoni). (summary)

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